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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Ms.Cheng-Yan Zhang" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Sat, 29 Oct 2022 12:39:23 -0700
Subject: Attention Please


The management of China Pacific Insurance wants to return the insurance benefits of country citizens who died through the Covid
19 attack in Wuhan, Hubei, China in 2019.This fund will be used to support country facing life challenges
as a result of this pandemic in your country, and you are assigned to carry out this project as a reputable country.

Kindly respond if you are interested in handling this social project.

Ms.Cheng-Yan Zhang
China Pacific Insurance (Group) Co., Ltd.
South Tower, Bank of Communications Financial Building 190 Central Yincheng Road
CN-SH 200120 Shanghai, Shanghai
Téléphone : +86 21 68 87 07 91

Anti-fraud resources: