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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "LotteryUSA" <>
Date: Tue, 18 Oct 2022 23:03:40 -0700
Subject: North Carolina Lottery(Mega Millions

Congratulations!! Congratulations!!
Private consultation from North Carolina Education Lottery. You have
been drawn as one of the winner of our North Carolina Educational
international Lottery winner through your Linkedin profile. Free
ticket Number: B556075456152 with reference number USJA2CP5 and Serial
number SA5365/20, Batch Number: XA87-2PY Drew the lucky numbers:
This subsequently won you the lottery in the 1st category i.e. matches
5 lucky numbers and a Power Ball number Mega Million. You are therefore allocated
to claim a total sum of US$445,000,000.00 (Four Hundred and Fouthy
Five Million United States Dollars) in cash payment credited to file
contact us for more information about the Notification and how to
claim the fund.
Mrs. Janice Ramirez

Anti-fraud resources: