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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mr.Mihir Patel" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Wed, 19 Oct 2022 00:48:35 +0200
Subject: Hello.


I am contacting you for us to work together on this matter because you
bear the same last name with a late customer of our bank. I want to
present you as his true next of kin to inherit his fund in our bank.As
his account manager, I have some necessary documents at my disposal to
achieve this without any hitches.

I therefore implore you to work with me on this beneficial transaction
as you are qualified by your last name to stand as his true next of kin.
Please be advised that all the legal papers will be processed in your
name as his true next of kin by the deceased personal attorney.

Please kindly get back to me immediately you receive this message for
further details.

Mr.Mihir Patel
Customer relation officers.

Anti-fraud resources: