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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Timothy Lio" <>
Date: Tue, 18 Oct 2022 17:16:50 -0700
Subject: RE: GOOD NEWS


My name is Timothy Loh LLP. I am a leading Hong Kong attorney specialize in corporate and litigation law private equity, hedge funds, investment funds, financial services, banking, and bankruptcy practices l am internationally recognized.

It may surprise you to receive this letter from me, since there
has been no previous correspondence between us. I will also like
to make it clear here that l know that the internet has been
grossly abused by criminal minded people making it difficult for
people with genuine intention to correspond and exchange views
without skepticism.

There is an unclaimed “Permanent Life Insurance Policy” held by our deceased client.

The transaction pertains to an unclaimed “Payable-On-Death” (POD) savings monetary deposit in the sum of Sixteen Million, Nine Hundred Thousand US Dollars ($16,900,000) with one of the prime global insurers. The policy holder was one of our clients and Italian actress Lucia Bosè. who was a film actress who died on March 23 of pneumonia after contracting COVID-19. . Since Her death no one has come forward for the claim and all our efforts to locate his relatives have proved unsuccessful. The insurance
company policy stipulates that “Insured Permanent Policies" not claimed must be turned over to the abandoned property division of the state treasury after the deadline.

Therefore, I ask for your consent to be in partnership with me
for the claim of this policy benefit, If you permit me to add your name to the policy, all proceeds will be processed on your behalf. I wish to point out that I want 10% of this money to be shared among charity organizations while the remaining 90% will be shared between us.

This is 100% risk free and 100% legal. I do have all necessary documentation to expedite the process in a highly professional
and confidential manner. I will provide all the relevant documents to substantiate your claim as the beneficiary. This
claim requires a high level of confidentiality and it may take up
to Ten (10) business days, from the date of receipt of your

Your earliest response to this matter would be highly

Best Regards,
Timothy Loh.

Anti-fraud resources: