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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "BANK OF CHINA" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Tue, 11 Oct 2022 12:20:28 -0700

Level 17, 99 Bishopsgate,
London EC2M 3XD,U.K
Phone: +447706245044

Good Day,
ZHOU XIN is my name with Bank of China
I want to partner with you to transfer funds into
your account for investment.
Please state your direct phone number and full names in your
reply so that we can discuss benefits and process.
I have attached my passport scan copy.
I await your reply on your willingness to partner with me.
Yours sincerely

Anti-fraud resources: