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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Publishers Clearing House <>
Reply-To: <>
Date: Wed, 19 Oct 2022 02:56:35 +0800
Subject: HI

Winners Selection Notification.

We are delighted to inform you that your e-mail have won (USD $1,443,651.00)
in our 2022 PCH (email) draws

you are hereby required to fill in the required details below and send them
to the competition department

Given Name**

Residential/Office Address**

Phone Number**


Yours Sincerely

Dr. Fiona Shaw

Executive Director

PCH Consumer Affairs

Official Winners Selection Notification.


C Copyright 2022 Publishers Clearing House Inc. All Rights Reserve.

Anti-fraud resources: