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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Barr. Biko Odili" <>
Date: Tue, 18 Oct 2022 19:51:40 -0700
Subject: Good Day

Good Day

I am Barr Biko Odili , Late Engr.Patrick citizen of your country
deposited US$15M here before he died with his family in
Boko Harram BOMB Blast in Abuja .I promise to give you 40% of the total funds
transferred to your vital bank account as compensation for your
assistance. I wait to receive your Name,Address,Tel&Fax#

Reply To:

Yours sincerely

Barr Biko Odili

Anti-fraud resources: