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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Ronald Bernstein" <>
Date: Tue, 18 Oct 2022 01:58:56 +0200
Subject: Wir bieten 1,8% Kredite

Sehr geehrter Herr / Frau,
Wir bieten Darlehen für alle Zwecke an.
Bewerben Sie sich noch heute und erhalten Sie innerhalb von 3 Arbeitstagen Geld.
- Mindestkreditbetrag: 10.000,00 €
- Maximaler Darlehensbetrag: 20.000.000,00 €
- Zinssatz: 1,8% pro Jahr
Für weitere Informationen kontaktieren Sie uns per E-Mail:
Freundliche Grüße,
Ronald Bernstein.
Dear Sir / Madam,
We are offering Loans for all purpose.
Apply today and get funded within 3 working days.
- Minimum amount of loan: € 10,000.00
- Maximum amount of loan: € 20,000,000.00
- Interest rate: 1.8% per annum
For more info contact us via email:
Best regards,
Ronald Bernstein

Anti-fraud resources: