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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mr.Viktor Zubkov" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Fri, 14 Oct 2022 11:30:14 -0700

Good Day,
I am Mr. Viktor Zubkov an investor and a director with Gazprom Russia. Considering the current economic sanctions melted on Russia by some European countries and
United States of America which is seriously affecting us now, I'm soliciting for your consent transfer Sixty eight Million Dollars ($68M) investment funds deposited with an American bank into your personal bank account for investment and also to escape confiscation by USA Government. Please respond back for more details.
Yours Truly,
Mr.Viktor Zubkov
Chairman of the board of directors  Gazprom

Anti-fraud resources: