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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mr.James Mike Berry " <>
Date: Tue, 18 Oct 2022 15:39:23 -0700
Subject: Project investment

I am Mr. James Michael Berry, I seek for your consent to know whether you are capable of investing with me in your country a very profitable business. Any Knowledge of business interest in the following sectors: Real Estate, Stock speculation, Mining and Oil, Transportation and Tobacco.

I'm open to have a good business relationship with you.

Kindly contact me back via( for more details.

Mr. James Michael Berry

Anti-fraud resources: