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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Dr James Ode Watt" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Tue, 18 Oct 2022 02:11:45 -0700
Subject: GOOD NEWS


Congratulation, the payment of your $5.5millionUSD has been resolved, Due
to the office of this exercise and the bodies involved that needs
transparency, his decision of prompt payment was taken Following the crusade
to reconcile and improve the Economy of the World after the recent economic
meltdown that hit the whole world due to coved-19. The restitution granted
to you is US$5.5 million) this has been agreed upon and has been signed for
the release of US$5.5 million you through Swift Transfer(T&T) or through ATM
Visa CARD to you. I will be of personal assistance to you seeing that you
receive your due payment. you are advised to send the following details
below for immediate releasing overdue funds to you.

1. Full Name:
2. Home / Office Address:
3. Direct Phone Number:
4. Country:
5 Occupation:

Awaiting your reply
Your Brother
Dr.James Ode Watt

Anti-fraud resources: