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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Benoni Care Foundation <>
Date: Tue, 18 Oct 2022 16:17:05 +0100
Subject: Re: Donation of $1.5 Million to you


My Name is Benoni Urey, an Americo-Liberian businessman and politician,
investor, Commissioner of Maritime Affairs and Director of Benoni
Charity Foundation

The Benoni Foundation is a charitable organization formed by me in
Careys burg as a means to manage my charitable giving so I decided to
donate US$1.5 Million each to five unknowns randomly selected emails

I simply attempt to be fearful when others are greedy as you know life
is good when you are at the right place.

You have been selected to receive this donation. So as the lucky one,
please reply back to me with your full names that this selected unknown
email is valid

Best Regards
Benoni Urey Foundation

Anti-fraud resources: