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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

Date: Tue, 18 Oct 2022 07:00:19 -0700
Subject: Re: Website Issue.


I noticed that the keywords your website has been targeting aren't effective and are inhibiting your website's traffic. I have some simple solutions that can help you.

I want to help you beat your competitors and win you more business on Google.

Please let me know if you are interested; we can set up a quick call.

Marissa Smith
Business Development

Note: - If you are not interested in promoting your business, Please reply back "NO".

Anti-fraud resources: