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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Central Bank Nigeria <>
Date: Sun, 16 Oct 2022 00:06:22 -0700
Subject: Attention:Beneficiary,

MAV/NNPC/FGN/MIN/013, Swift Code: BPH KPL PK, A/C#:
329606=101244=169=678 PHONE : Phone : Call +234-9074300283 FOREIGN
CENTRAL BANK. This is to bring to your notice from the Central Bank
Remittance Department that your outstanding contractual payment which
was suspended by the Nigerian government there by stopping the TELEX
TRANSFER DEPARTMENT to pause the transfer of your contract fund to
your nominated bank account. As a result of this development
verification conducted by the Finance Ministry in conjunction with the
Debt Verification Panel on your contract case file has been endorsed
for payment awaiting your confirmations. In view of several efforts
already made by us to contact you for the following reasons based on
the new account submitted to this office on your behalf: (1) My
Office desks have just received a sworn affidavit from Mr.RAINER HESSE
of Germany to re-route your payment into a new bank account number as
stated VACAP Federal Credit Union, 1700 Robin Hood Road, Richmond, VA
23220. Account number 32501. of Mr. RAINER HESSE.The sum of 27 Million
US Dollars ( TWENTY SEVEN MILLION US Dollars) (2) Please, confirm to
our office if you have instructed Mr. RAINER HESSE of GERMANY to
appoint an attorney/agent on your behalf thereby asking that he
receive cash call remittance on your behalf. (3) It have come to our
notice that you are being contacted by unauthorized individuals with
respect to your contract payment but unfortunately this office is not
aware of your unofficial dealings and warned that it is at your own
risk. (4) Please, also confirm if you have authorized Mr. RAINER
HESSE to change your banking particulars to the following particulars
stated below: VACAP Federal Credit Union, 1700 Robin Hood Road,
Richmond, VA 23220. Account number 3250163 Also re-confirm your
Contract Number, Contract Amount, Private Telephone and Fax number,
your e-mail address, Office or home address so that we can cross-check
it with our file records. We have decided to contact you for
re-verification because we suspected that Mr. RAINER HESSE is trying
to divert your money through the sworn affidavit into a new different
bank account. You are advised to get back to this office within 7days
from today. Best Regards Mr.Godwin Emefiele Email: Executive Governor Central Bank Nigeria

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