fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
Fraud email example:
From: Gapson Company Limited <email@example.com>
Date: 11 Oct 2022 16:31:15 +0200
Subject: OUR NEW ORDER
I have got your company's contact through my search for reliable
suppliers and I am writing to bring to your notice that I am
seeking for manufacturers,wholesalers and suppliers who would be
interested to supply your products to us at competitive prices.
We are a Ghana based Import and Export company interested to do
business with you.
Be kind to send me below xxxrmation.
1) Your Current Catalog/Product List
2) Your price list in FOB or EX-WORKS/EX-FACTORY
3) Your company profile if any
You may include any xxxrmation that will help me learn more
about your products.In your reply let us know if you have a sales
outlet in Ghana or an agent so as to deal directly with them,
otherwise we will transact with you directly and conclude the
We are sincerely looking forward to working with you.
Gapson Company Limited
MR Daniel Antwi
P.O.Box OD 571, Odorkor-Accra, Accra
Direct line +233 26 3768858