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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Dr. Samuel Hoggs" <>
Reply-To: <>
Date: Tue, 11 Oct 2022 22:17:11 +0900
Subject: Dear Friend,

Dear Friend,
How are you today? Hope all is well with you and your family? I hope this mail finds you in excellent health. But if you do not remember me, you have received an email from me in the past regarding a multi-million-dollar business proposal which we never concluded. I am using this opportunity to inform you that this multi-million-dollar business has been concluded with another Merchant who financed it to a logical conclusion. I thank you for your great effort towards our unfinished transaction, due to one reason or the other best known to you at that time. Due to the effort, sincerity, and trustworthiness, you showed during the course of the transaction, I want to compensate you and show my gratitude to you with the sum of Five hundred and Seventy Five thousand United States dollars. I have left an international certified bank draft for you, worth USD$575,000.00 cashable anywhere in the world. My dear friend, please contact Rev. Esther Moses, so that she will release the draft to you. At the moment, I'm very busy and would like you to accept this token with good faith as this is from the bottom of my heart. Below is her
contact information.

NAME: Reverend. Esther Moses, Of Catholic Parish, Adidogome,Lome-Togo.
TEL: +228(98)5283-36.

Therefore, you should contact her and ask her to release the draft to
you because I have instructed her to do so.
Best Regards,
Dr. Samuel Hoggs.

Anti-fraud resources: