fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "into your nominated bank account" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
Fraud email example:
From: "Henry M." <email@example.com>
Date: Tue, 11 Oct 2022 11:02:14 +0100
Subject: LOAN OFFER FOR YOU
Good day and how are you?
I have a client from Kuwait whoâs looking for an individual/group or
companies that are in need of business loan for any project or investment
financing debts. The loan shall be release to you between 3-5% annual
percentage rate (APR) till the loan term elapse.
We shall be guiding you in shortening the usual rigorous loan procedures.
You shall also be guided on how to move the granted loan funds into your
nominated bank account.
NOTE; (APR) are negotiable before both parties goes on to sign the
necessary loan contract agreement.
Please reply timely if you are interested.
Henry F. Messinger