fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
Click here to report a problem with this page.
Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "moneygram" (this will cost you money - be careful with upfront payments to anyone you only know through email, especially if they promise you a lot of money. NEVER send money by Western Union or MoneyGram to people you do not know personally - NO EXCEPTIONS! Instant wire transfer services are not meant to be used with strangers because they offer no protection against fraud. That is precisely why the criminals want you send money that way. )
- "money gram" (this will cost you money - be careful with upfront payments to anyone you only know through email, especially if they promise you a lot of money. NEVER send money by Western Union or MoneyGram to people you do not know personally - NO EXCEPTIONS! Instant wire transfer services are not meant to be used with strangers because they offer no protection against fraud. That is precisely why the criminals want you send money that way. )
- "hundred thousand united states dollars" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- ",500,000" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "cotonou" (a location commonly mentioned in 419 scams)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- MoneyGram money transfer is completely untraceable and therefore is *not* safe to use with anyone you do not know personally. Along with Western Union it is a preferred method of online criminals to collect money from their victims.
- This email lists mobile phone numbers. Use of such numbers is typical for scams because they allow criminals to conceal their true location. They can receive calls in an Internet cafe from where they send you emails, while pretending to be in some office.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- email@example.com (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
Fraud email example:
From: Mrs.Joans Kata <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: Tue, 11 Oct 2022 02:51:10 -0700
Subject: Attention Please, f
This is to notify you that the United Nations Secretary General has
deliberated with the world bank for a compensation payment on scammed
victims from America, Europe, Asia and Africa so your e-mail emerged
as one of the lucky beneficiaries. I write to let you know that the
sum of $3,500,000 (Three Million Five Hundred Thousand United States
Dollars) has been approved in your favor.
I write to inform you that we have already sent you $5000.00 dollars
through MONEY GRAM PAYMENT as we have been given the mandate to
transfer your payment total sum of $3.6 Million,via MONEY GRAM by this
All you will do is to contact MONEY GRAM PAYMENT director Bruce
Barkery, ask him to give the money gram details so that you will pick
your first payment of the $5,000usd, He will give you direction on how
you will be receiving the funds daily.
Name: Bruce Barkery
Phone number: +229 69725457
Address: Address: 12 Avenue Island streets, Cotonou, Benin Republic
Email, ( email@example.com )
Contact them here, firstname.lastname@example.org
Remember to send him your Full information to avoid wrong transfer such as,
Full ' Name_______________
Phone Number: _____________
Listen very carefully, tell Dr. Bruce Barkery that you advise to
contact him by Mrs.Joans Kata. from Ministry Of Finance here in
Cotonou Benin Republic; Let me know once you contact him.
F.A in Ministry of Finance