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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Margaret Tobias" <>
Date: Tue, 11 Oct 2022 04:34:03 -0500
Subject: Offer of partnership !!

Dear Sir /Madam,

My name is Margaret Tobias , I am from the United States.

I live in Ukraine as a business woman dealing in import and export trade.
Because of this intensive WAR going on presently without end .

I am looking for a trusted company or reliable individual/person. I can trust my funds US$100,000,000.00 ( One Hundred Million United States Dollars ) with trust for investment partnership and safe keeping.

If you are Interested in this offer of partnership, Kindly respond back to me for more details .
Your urgent response will be highly appreciated as I am about to leave the country .



Yours Sincerely,

Margaret Tobias

Anti-fraud resources: