fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
Click here to report a problem with this page.
Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "fund beneficiary" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- email@example.com (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
Fraud email example:
From: " Ms.Kristalina Georgieva" <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: Mon, 10 Oct 2022 18:57:02 -0700
Subject: Attention; Fund Beneficiary,
( I.M.F ) Head Office
Senior Resident Representative
#1900 Pennsylvania Ave NW,
Washington, DC 20431 USA.
Attention; Fund Beneficiary,
This is to intimate you of a very important piece of information which
will be of a great help to redeem you from all the difficulties you
have been experiencing in getting your long overdue payment, due to
excessive demand for money from you by both corrupt Bank officials and
Courier Companies after which your fund remain unpaid to you. I am Ms.
Kristalina Georgieva, a highly placed official of the International
Monetary Fund (IMF). It may interest you to know that reports have
reached our office by so many correspondences on the uneasy way in
which people like you are treated by Various Banks and Courier
Companies/Diplomat across Europe to Africa and Asia /London Uk. We
have decided to put a stop to that.
All Governmental and Non-Governmental prostates, NGOs, Finance
Companies, Banks, Security Companies and Courier companies which have
been in contact with you of late have been instructed to back off from
your transaction and you have been advised NOT to respond to them
anymore since the International Monetary Fund (IMF) is now directly in
charge of your payment. Your name appeared in our payment schedule
list of beneficiaries that will receive their funds in this first
quarter payment of the year because we only transfer funds twice in a
year according to our banking regulation. We apologize for the delay
of your payment and please stop communicating with any office now and
attention to our office payment accordingly.
Now your new Payment, United Nation Approval No; UN5685P, White House
Approved No: WH44CV, Reference No.-35460021, Allocation No: 674632,
Password No: 339331, Pin Code No: 55674 and your Certificate of Merit
Payment No: 103, Released Code No: 0763; Immediate (IMF) Telex
confirmation No: -1114433; Secret Code No: XXTN013.
Your payment inheritance fund is USD$10.7Million. Having received
these vital payment numbers, therefore you are qualified now to
receive and confirm your payment with the International Monetary Fund
(IMF) immediately. We assure you that your payment will get to you as
long as you follow my directives and instructions. We have decided to
give you a CODE, THE CODE IS: 0147. Please, any time you receive a
mail with the name Kristalina Georgieva, check if there is CODE
(0147) if the code is not written, please delete the message from your
You are hereby advised NOT to remit further payment to any
institutions with respect to your transaction as your fund will be
transferred to you directly from our source. I hope this is clear. Any
action contrary to this instruction is at your own risk. Respond to
this e-mail on: (email@example.com) with immediate
effect and we shall give you further details on how your fund will be
Managing Director of the International
Monetary Fund. (I.M.F)(0147)
Contact My Secretary On This Email (firstname.lastname@example.org)
Mr Rod Anderson.