fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- ",000,000" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "00,000.00" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
Fraud email example:
From: Philip Brown <email@example.com>
Date: Tue, 11 Oct 2022 00:57:54 +0100
Subject: URGENT ATTENTION!!!
Greetings and compliments,
Permit me to connect you into this transaction which must be treated with
utmost privacy considering the information involved. I was close associate
to Muhammad Al-Qahtani was also known as the chairman of the board of
Al-Salam Holding Company; he died while giving a speech during the
Arab-African Conference in Cairo on August 9, which was held to celebrate
the accomplishments of the President of Egypt, Abdel
Fattah Saeed Hussein Khalil el-Sisi. I have been his trusted confidant
since the past fifteen (15years), and handled huge Funds discreetly on
By virtue of my integrity and competence, he had instructed me to get an
honest person who will faithfully invest the amount of $50,000,000.00
(Fifty Million USDollars) into profitable ventures anywhere in the world.
The Fund is presently deposited with a Finance Company in Europe; and I
decide to nominate you as a credible person to receive into your account
NOTE: You can click on any of the web-links below to confirm how my
Principal died in Egypt.
Be assured that I have the capacity to process the remittance of the Funds
into your account for investments; all profits from the investments will be
shared annually (between us) and you will be entitled to 40% of the
profited amount. The remittance process will be absolutely legitimate. This
is your opportunity to enter into the best viable and profitable transaction,
Send your full name, address, telephone / whatsapp number and we shall
You need to Reply FAST so we can complete this transaction in the next few