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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "MA KIM Moon" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Mon, 10 Oct 2022 23:21:11 +0200
Subject: Re: Investment Offer***-

Good day ,

I am a retired chartered accountant and broker to investors who are
ready to partner in projects, business and give loans to prospective

My investors are looking to fund any lucrative business/project that
needs €375,000,000.00 Euro or more in funds. My investor ideal offer
would be €500,000,000.00 Euro BUT not above. I seek cooperation from
you as an individual who specializes in viable projects and business
grants. My investor finance programs are unmatched and are ready to
fund on serious and financially stimulated businesses. I am looking
for people who already have a business and are successful or people
who have a solid business plan who are ready to start their dream.

I will review and agree to the most promising and enticing business
proposals provided to me.


Thank you in advance for a good working relationship.

Best regards,

Ma Kim Moon

Anti-fraud resources: