fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
Click here to report a problem with this page.
Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "your urgent reply" (scammers rush victims so they don't have time to think properly)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- firstname.lastname@example.org (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
Fraud email example:
From: "Mrs. Simona Ruth" <email@example.com>
Date: Mon, 10 Oct 2022 23:44:30 +0300
Subject: Welcome To Walmart,
This is Mrs. Simona Ruth from Walmart, I am here to inform you that
your funds were deposited here by the Federal Government of United
States of America to transfer the funds to you in care of Walmart.
We are ordered to transfer your funds on the amount of $5000 USD per
two, two hours other transfer will commence daily until the total amount
of $25Million USD is completely transferred to you and we have already
sent $5000 USD to you via Walmart to Walmart so your urgent reply is
needed right away to enable you pick up your first payment immediately.
Therefore, i want you to reconfirm your full information below to enable
us starting sending your payment to you today without any further
For oral communication call or text +1 (818) 863-6147
Contact Email ( firstname.lastname@example.org )
Mrs. Simona Ruth
Sales Associate Walmart.