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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Pascal Simon" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Mon, 10 Oct 2022 04:45:41 -0700
Subject: Thank you

Dear Friend,

This is to thank you for your effort. I understand that your hands were
tied. Not to worry. I have succeeded, the money has been transferred into the account provided by a newly found friend of mine in Spain. To compensate for your past assistance and commitments, I have dropped an international certified bank draft of $1.2M for your investments in life-settlement. Now Contact my secretary Mr Fred on his email ( Forward your mailing address to him, to enable him mail the draft to you

N/B. You will only send him the shipment fee of $150 to dispatch the draft to you.

Take good care of your self.

Pascal Simon

Anti-fraud resources: