fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists mobile phone numbers. Use of such numbers is typical for scams because they allow criminals to conceal their true location. They can receive calls in an Internet cafe from where they send you emails, while pretending to be in some office.
Fraud email example:
From: "Mr. Tanate" <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Reply-To: "Mr. Tanate" <email@example.com>
Date: Sun, 18 Sep 2022 22:30:16 +0800 (WITA)
ING Bank N.V.,
London EC2R 6DA,
Tel :+44 741 834 3369
Fax :+44 704 307 1539
Your e-mail address came up in a random draw conducted in ING Bank N.V.,London Branch Office Of Donation International Operation in London UK.
I am Mr.Tanate Phutrakul personal accountant to Late Sir, Gerald Arthur "Gerry" Whent. founder and former chief executive of Vodafone Group Plc. Late Sir, Gerald Arthur Whent,is a well known Philanthropist, before he died made a "WILL" in a law firm in United Kingdom stating that Vodafone Group Plc (Charity Fundraising support Account) with the ING Bank N.V.,London should donate US$6.5Million (Six Million Five Hundred Thousand U.S. Dollars only) to any lucky individual Philanthropist or charitable organization overseas.
The ING Bank N.V.,London is in agreement with Late Sir, Gerald Arthur "Gerry" Whent to donate the fund to any lucky individual in America, Europe, Asia and Africa in order to help improve lives and businesses.
We have made our random draw and your e-mail address was picked to receive this fund as the beneficiary of his "WILL". Kindly get back to me as soon as you are in receipt of our email to enable the Transfer
Operation direct you on what next to do to receive this fund legally.
You are advised to include the followings below:
FULL CONTACT ADDRESS:
TELEPHONE and FAX NUMBERS:
Mr. Tanate Phutrakul,
Chief Financial Officer
ING Bank N.V.,London Branch