fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
Click here to report a problem with this page.
Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "required fee " (this will cost you money - be careful with upfront payments to anyone you only know through email, especially if they promise you a lot of money. NEVER send money by Western Union or MoneyGram to people you do not know personally - NO EXCEPTIONS! Instant wire transfer services are not meant to be used with strangers because they offer no protection against fraud. That is precisely why the criminals want you send money that way. )
- ",000,000" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- firstname.lastname@example.org (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
Fraud email example:
From: David I Mckay CEO <email@example.com>
Date: Fri, 9 Sep 2022 06:23:14 -0700
Subject: $12,000,000,000 USD Payment Notification
RBC) Royal Bank Of Canada.
14 park ave Lac Du Bonnet Manitoba Canada
$12,000,000,000 USD Payment Notification
we are to Notify you about the latest development concerning your payment
that is left in our custody, besides,you are given a bill of Sum in order
to receive your payment $12,000,000,000 usd which we didnât hear from you
for sometime now. Hence,we are now offering a New Year BONUS to help all
our customers that are having their payment in our custody due to high
prices. In other words we are now requesting that you should pay only the
sum of $50 to receive funds for your payment abandoned in our custody by
online transfer or ATM card if you wish so.
Therefore you are requested to send the fee $50 only by ITunes Card,or
Google Play CARD,amazonâ Steem Wallet is also ACCEPTED because it can be
redeemed to cash all we needs is picture of the card only
Be advised that the bank has already created an on-line transfer with the
account that opened in your favor this afternoon in which the
$12,000,000,000 Billion of your funds has been transferred to the account
that our bank opened in your favor. The on-line banking account details are
*Welcome! To - Royal Bank Of Canada (RBC) Secure Account Page*
*Online Banking Account*
*Royal Bank Sort Code*
*Name Of Bank (RBC)*
*International Money Transfer*
*Swift Code 053904483*
*Account Number 6021253365.*
I will be forwarding to you the account logging details to enable you
access your funds online and proceed on transfer to your designated bank
account in any part of the world Or Tracking Number Of Your ATM Card
Delivery to enable you Monitor the Arrived of your ATM without any further
delay as soon as you update us copy of iTunes card of the required Fee $50
to take note.
Your immediate compliance will be in your very best interest.
David I Mckay
The President and CEO.
Royal Bank Of Canada (RBC).
Head Office Location Address: 200 Bay Street
Royal Bank Plaza,
Toronto, ON, CA, M5J 2J5