fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
Click here to report a problem with this page.
Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- ",000,000" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "loan amount" (Beware of fake loan offers. Real lenders would not normally use free webmail addresses such as Yahoo, nor would they lend to individuals or small businesses in a different country from where they are based. Beware of mobile phones or redirector numbers!)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- firstname.lastname@example.org (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
Fraud email example:
From: "Loan Offer" (may be fake)
Date: Fri, 9 Sep 2022 01:03:52 -0700
Subject: Loan available at just 1.8%
GET A LOAN WITH A LOW-INTEREST RATE
Bring your plans to life with FundGecko Finance Loans. Our program is designed to offer you an affordable and
comfortable loan. At FundGecko Finance every customer is our best customer and receives our highest level of service and attention.
Our goal has been never to turn anyone away. We consider it an honor to serve you and understand that
disclosing personal financial information can be a bit threatening. Your personal data is kept secure
from theft or misuse. Rest assured when you apply you will get excellent service, and a loan just right for you.
Loan Amount: Minimum of $50,000 and maximum of $5,000,000 Tenor: Minimum 60 months and maximum
Fill out our simple application form below to get started today.
1. Full Name:
6. Date of Birth:
8. Loan Amount:
9. Purpose of loan:
In acknowledgment of these details, you will be sent well-calculated loan terms and rates for the period of time
that you need the loan. Do note that our loans are charged at a 1.8% interest rate for a minimum period of 5 years.
Send your e-mails to: email@example.com
Thanks for your understanding and waiting to hear from you.
Mr. Mark Foreman
FundGecko Finance Loans