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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Mr Manuel Franco <>
Date: Fri, 9 Sep 2022 12:49:36 +0100
Subject: =?UTF-8?Q?Herzlichen_Gl=C3=BCckwunsch?=

Hallo Sir/Madam Spende für Sie

Ich heiße Manuel Franco und bin der Gewinner der Jackpot-Lotterie im
Wert von 786 Millionen US-Dollar im Jahr 2019. Ich sende Ihnen diese
E-Mail bezüglich der Spende in Höhe von 2.000.000,00 €, die ich an
Ihren Namen und Ihre Daten geleistet habe. Bitte kontaktieren Sie mich
für das weitere Verfahren.

Anti-fraud resources: