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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mr Don Menez Alvaro" <>
Date: Fri, 09 Sep 2022 11:58:42 +0100
Subject: Seeking for JVC Partnership in your country

Good day, I Hope you are well.

I am Mr. Don Mendez Alvaro, representing Project Funding and

Investment Group, a company registered in the kingdom of Spain.

We are looking for a possible tie-up with a business or individual in your

country, to work out a JVC arrangement with you or the organization
you represent.

The purpose of this JVC proposal is to seek for possible investments

opportunities in your country's economy for the mutual benefits of all
the parties involved.

I will give you additional information, once you are interested in
this proposed partnership.


Mr Don Menez Alvaro.

Anti-fraud resources: