fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "dear friend" (a common phrase found in 419 scams)
- "united state dollar" (this email uses bad English)
- "there are practically no risks involved" (almost true for the criminal trying to scam you - arrests of online criminals are rare)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
Fraud email example:
From: Joy Kofour <email@example.com>
Date: Fri, 9 Sep 2022 12:00:16 +0100
Subject: THANKS .........
*My name is Ms.Joy A.Kofour I am the regional manager of Standard Chartered
*I write you this proposal in good faith, I am a woman of peace. I have
packaged a financial transaction that will benefit you and I,as the
regional manager of the Standard Chartered Bank it is my duty to send in a
financial report to my head office in the capital city Accra at the end of
each business year.*
*On the course of the year 2013 business report, I discovered that my
branch in which I am the manager made Two Million Seven hundred and thirty
thousand united state dollars ($2,730,000.00) which my head office are not
aware of and will never be aware of.*
*I have placed this funds on what we call ESCROW CALL ACCOUNT with no
beneficiary. As an officer of this bank I cannot be directly connected to
this money, so my aim of contacting you is to assist me receive this money
in your bank account and get 35% of the total funds as commission.*
*There are practically no risks involved, it will be a bank-to-bank
transfer, and all I need from you is to stand claim as the original
depositor of these funds who made the deposit with my branch so that my
head office can order the transfer to your designated bank account.*
*Thanking you in advance for your kind and urgent response, more so for
keeping our proposal to your self.*
*Ms.Joy A.Kofour .*