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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Fred Peters <>
Date: Fri, 9 Sep 2022 09:47:03 +0100
Subject: Important Notice

Good day, I need your help,

I am a Public Accountant officer in my Bank, also an account officer
to a deceased customer, who was a contractor with a prominent oil
company here in Louisiana. He died with the family in an auto-crash.
And since then the bank has made an effort to reach any of his
relatives but all to no avail, so I have to personally contact you
since you share the same family name with him.

I contacted you to assist in claiming the money and Property before
the bank declares the deposit as unclaimed. Respond to my email if you
are interested in handling this.

N: B
If you receive this letter in your junk mail it was due to your
network provider.

Best regards,
Fred Peters
Certified Public Accountant

Anti-fraud resources: