fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
Fraud email example:
From: soth soliya <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: Fri, 9 Sep 2022 09:03:58 -0700
Subject: HELLO I NEED US TO WORK !
I am contacting you to receive and share with me an abandoned fund (
$21,537.000.00 ) left in our bank by a deceased customer. I was going
through the Internet search when I found your email address. My name is Mr.
I want to utilize this opportunity and make use of this fund if I should
present your name to the bank to stand as his business associate/ trustee
for the fund to be released to you via Visa card for easy withdrawals in
any VISA ATM machine anywhere in the World.
The bank will also give you international online transfer options. With
these you can transfer the funds without any risk. Should you be interested
in working with me on this project? Please reply back and let's benefit
from this golden opportunity. You are my first contact.
I shall wait a few days and if I do not hear from you, I shall look for
Thanks and have a nice day,
Mr. soth soliya.