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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Rob Hoak." <>
Date: Fri, 9 Sep 2022 08:08:25 +0100
Subject: Attention: Beneficiary,


My name is Rob Hoak. I am the Regional President of TD Bank NA. The
America’s Most Convenient Bank. The Regional President for South
Carolina and Wilmington, North Carolina. I write to bring to your
notice that the International Monetary Funds (IMF) has selected your
email address among the Scam victims listed to be Compensated of
$2,500.000.00 ( Two Million Five Hundred Thousand United State Dollars
). The money was Approved through my Bank and I have been instructed
to contact you about it.

Contact me via my private email here ( ) so we
can release the money to you.

Rob Hoak.
Regional President, TD Bank,
South Carolina and Wilmington, North Carolina.

Anti-fraud resources: