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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: peter david <>
Date: Fri, 9 Sep 2022 02:23:50 +0100
Subject: HI

My dear, I want you to go through this proposal with full understanding .My
name is peter david, I acted as an account Officer to our late customer who
came from your country, He has a deposit with our Bank which I am aware of
as the account manager.

,so I need you to pay attention to a transaction worth $15.9m usd with
some kilogram of gold, which was deposited with a Bank by a late customer,
who died in a motor accident a few years back with his wife and only
Son(2019). He was also a Gold merchant.

We can do business together, To invest $15.9 Million USD with
50kgs of Gold as it was deposited in a trunk box with a security company
with a different name like yours .this is 100% risk free.

Anti-fraud resources: