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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mr. Maly Mudina" <>
Date: Thu, 8 Sep 2022 17:39:51 -0700

Please permit me to introduce myself to you; I am Mr. Maly Mudina, a
native of Burkina Faso in West Africa. I work with a gold mining
company OMEGA DIAMOND CONSTRUCTION SARL as a operational Director, I
contact you to team with me to move 120kg bars which I registered with
a company name as (CRESCENDO GROUP) and I have arranged the documents
for the release, you are only to make a change of ownership of the
gold bars in your name; to enable the company release the gold bars to
Please get back to me asap, for more details, this is %100 free from
any risk, please call me +226 665 55 461 or WhatsApp me.
Waiting your call or WhatsApp,
Mr. Maly Mudina

Anti-fraud resources: