fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
Click here to report a problem with this page.
Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "foreign exchange" (Banks mentioned in 419 scams are always fake (real banks don't communicate using mobile phones or free webmail addresses))
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- email@example.com (Gmail/GoogleMail; can be used from anywhere worldwide)
Fraud email example:
From: "Admin" <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: Thu, 08 Sep 2022 16:21:49 -0700
Subject: RE: ARE YOU DEAD OR ALIVE???
United Nations Assisted Program
UN Directorate of International Payment/Transfer Notice
3 Whitehall Court London SW1A 2EL
RE: OFFICIAL DIRECTIVE
In accordance with the United Nation (UN) mandatory policy on international=
monetary transactions and in conjunction with the World financial policy. =
This notification is in respect of your Unclaimed Funds which file was forw=
arded to us by the WORLD BANK. Going by the security report before us you h=
ave gone through hard times paying a lot of charges for the release of your=
Fund without success. We advise you to seize further communications with a=
ny individual, Bank or its Agents regarding your fund, because they have no=
thing to offer you, rather they will continue to steal from you. And any fu=
rther dealing with these miscreants will be at your own risk.
Following the issuance of the Foreign Exchange Approval to the Federal Res=
erve Bank, NY on the recommendation of the United Nations Protocol's Blue B=
ook "Permanent Missions No. 295", issued in January 2022 with ST/SG/SER.A/2=
95/Add.5.I am pleased to inform you that the Federal Reserve Bank, NY has b=
een giving the sole mandate for release of your payment.
However, we have a problem at hand presently. We have a Memo from the Fede=
ral Reserve Bank, NY that you are dead. That an application was submitted b=
y one Mrs. Jennifer Monsivais a few days ago with a letter of authorization=
, claiming to be your family legal representative who has the family mandat=
e to claim the fund on your behalf. And the below banking information was s=
BANK NAME: BANK OF AMERICA,
ACCOUNT NAME: JENNIFER MONSIVAIS
ROUTING NUMBER: 011024389
ACCOUNT NUMBER: 233012734259
SWIFT CODE: BOTAWS7N
BANK ADDRESS: 13810 Oakview Cove San Antonio TX 78245
Can anyone presently using this email account kindly confirm the acknowledg=
ement of Mrs. Jennifer Monsivais as mandated by your family to avoid wrongf=
ul payment. We look forward to a swift response from the family to this ema=
il ( email@example.com ) For a quick response. And be =
less assured your advice will be carried to the latter. And if our directiv=
es are carefully followed, the fund will be released to the account within =
five Bank working days.
Mrs. Monica Owen