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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Ruben Agabus <>
Date: Thu, 8 Sep 2022 22:36:48 +0100
Subject: Hello friend

Dear Friend, Good day ,

I hope this mail meets you well. I duly apologize if I am interfering
with your privacy if this request is not acceptable to you. My name is
Ruben Agabus. I am a Banker, I am contacting you because you share the
same last name with our client who died of Covid-19 with his wife and
his two sons in March (2020).The Bank has been on the outlook to
contact his next of kin without success hence I contacted you since
you shear same surname with our client. I want to present you as the
next of Kin / beneficiary for immediate payment of this fund.. As of
today my client's cash investment with
the Bank Stands at US$140 Million (One Hundred and Forty Million
United States Dollars ) Get back to me, if you are interested for more
information through my private email address below
( Opportunity comes but once

Best Regards.
Ruben Agabus.

Anti-fraud resources: