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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Mr Vincent Nkosi <>
Date: Thu, 08 Sep 2022 23:22:49 +0200

Dear Friend,

It is nice to contact you today. My name is Mr. Vincent Nkosi, I am a
Bank Branch Manager with one of the banks in South Africa, I have a very
confidential deal i want to discuss with you. It will be of great
benefit for you and I.

Do get back to me immediately to let me know if you are willing to work
with me so that i can give you more details.

Best regards,

Mr. Vincent Nkosi

Anti-fraud resources: