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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Moon Jang" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Wed, 7 Sep 2022 22:48:57 +0200


My name is Mr. Moon Jang,I am contacting you to receive and share with me an abandoned fund (TWENTY ONE MILLION FIVE HUNDRED AND THIRTY SEVEN THOUSAND US DOLLARS) left in our bank by a deceased customer.

I want to utilize this opportunity and make use of this fund, if I should present your name to the bank to stand as his business associate/ trustee for the fund to be released to you via Visa card for easy withdrawals in any VISA ATM machine anywhere in the World.

The bank will also give you international online transfer options. With these you can transfer the funds without any risk,as I will work with you as an insider to make this happen.

Should you be interested in working with me on this project, Please reply to my email so that i can provide further details on how we can get this done swiftly.

Thanks and have a nice day,

Mr. Moon Jang.

Anti-fraud resources: