fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "dear sir/madam" (a standard Nigerian greeting phrase)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
Fraud email example:
From: "Reel Robert" (may be fake)
Date: Wed, 7 Sep 2022 05:15:03 +0430
Subject: KINDLI GET BACK TO ME
I would like to again clarify the very first principles of this
Investment Funds.The Beneficial Owner of the Investment Capital is a
politically embattled Private Investor who only desires to engage
private individuals with Financial Management abilities to invest his
funds without the MENTION of his name on the INVESTMENT activities.
The Private Investors wish for anonymity, but the engaged individual
(Investment Manager) will be authorised to manage the funds in his
independent name or a corporate body that guarantees his full control
and signatory powers over the funds.
Lastly, The funds is already in Madrid, Spain with a financial
institution who will transfer the funds to your designated bank
account once they have received authorization from the beneficial
owner of the funds. The financial institution has also agreed to
assist you open a non resident bank account in Spain and transfer the
funds there if you wish to do so. But for this to be actualized, your
presence will be required in Madrid,Spain to sign the agreement with
the attorney representing the owner of the funds.
Only if the aforesaid is deemed achievable can this business be
actualized. But please be assured that the fund owner is prepared to
proceed as quickly as possible and finish this transaction within a
very short time period, and it is important that you make that same
commitment to him now if this business is going to be feasible.