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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Homeland Security" (may be fake)
Date: Thu, 8 Sep 2022 14:03:37 +0100
Subject: Urgent Attention

Urgent Attention

The Homeland Security want to bring to your notice that we have been
in contact with the VP Bank of Switzerland and they are currently
working on your fund transfer.

We have completed our investigation and you are hereby approved to
receive your fund worth of $8.5M as we have verified the entire
transaction to be Safe and 100% risk free, due to the fact that the
funds have been deposited with VP Bank of Switzerland you will be
required to contact directly the VP Bank in-charge of this

You have the strong word of assurance from this office, the moment you
comply with the VP Bank procedures, as you have been directed to
contact the VP Bank for your fund transfer you can confirm your fund
in your account and make withdrawals. In this case, you are 100% sure.

You are advised to contact the Head Operation VP Bank Switzerland:

The CEO VP Bank Switzerland,
Dr. Mrs. Gabriela Maria Payer
Head Operation VP Bank Switzerland
Telephone: 009-41-435-080-699.

Contact her immediately for your Bank Wire Transfer or through VP Bank
On-line transfer payment of US$8,500,000.00(Eight Million Five Hundred
Thousand United States Dollars) these funds are in a Bank for security
purpose so the transfer will be made to any of your designated bank
account in any part of the World through bank online transfer.

You are advised to contact the bank immediately.

As this advise complies with the anti-fraud section 2,sub section (iv)
of the procedural Manual of the funds disbursement agreement existing
between all banks in Switzerland.

Please, you are advised from this office to contact the VP Bank bank
immediately and update us to enable us monitor the transfer of your

United States Secretary of Homeland Security - Wikipedia
Mr. Alejandro Mayorkas,
The Homeland Security.

Anti-fraud resources: