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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "DR AJEEB ZAKARIA" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Thu, 8 Sep 2022 11:31:39 -0500
Subject: My Regard

Greeting to you,

I know my email might come to you as a surprise couple with the fact
that we have never met before.

Well, I am Dr. Ajeeb Zakaria, an investment consultant.
I wish to inform
you that I have a client who has good amount of money place under
management for investment in any good environment that I could recommend.

So I will like to partner with you and achieve this
Upon receipt of your ema
il and your interest to proceed, I shall give you
more insight on how we shall proceed towards conclusion

I look forward to hearing back from you soon.

Best Regards,

Dr. Ajeeb Zakaria

Anti-fraud resources: