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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "John Edward Podmore" <>
Date: 08 Sep 2022 09:26:03 -0700
Subject: RE: Greetings

Hello Thierry,

I represent a good investor as a financial consultant. We need
good and viable business plans from capable companies all over
the world.
My principal investor can invest in your viable project if you do
have any so if you and your company welcomes our business
proposal both parties will meet face to face to decide and
discuss proceedings after which the investor will visit your
project site for inspection in your country before going forward
with proper documentation and funding.


John Edward Podmore

Anti-fraud resources: