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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mr. Muhammad Wong" <>
Date: Thu, 8 Sep 2022 09:00:27 -0700
Subject: To whom it may concern.

I just want to apologize for any inconvenience this email may cause you. I
am Mr. Mohammed Wong, the Head of the Accounting Audit Committee Department
of CIMB Bank Berhad Malaysia. This is about a business proposal that will
be of an immense benefit for both of us. The deal will be divided in this
ratio: 50% for me and 50% for you. Do revert back to me via for more details if you are interested.

Best regards,
Mr. Mohammed Wong
Head of Accounting Audit Committee Department
of CIMB Bank Berhad Malaysia.

Anti-fraud resources: