fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists mobile phone numbers. Use of such numbers is typical for scams because they allow criminals to conceal their true location. They can receive calls in an Internet cafe from where they send you emails, while pretending to be in some office.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- email@example.com (Mail2world; can be used from anywhere worldwide)
Fraud email example:
From: Apply Loan <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: Thu, 1 Sep 2022 13:30:53 -0700
Subject: Apply Loan at 5% from $10,000 to $50Million,
ATTENTION: This email came from an external source. Do not open attachments or click on links from unknown senders or unexpected emails.
Apply Loan at 5% from $10,000 to $50Million, if you are blacklisted you
can also apply.
Send your I.D copy or copy of your passport, latest pay slip or
3 months bank statement.
And proof of address, write the amount you need and your phone number
on your I.D copy then we will process and get back to you.
Our loan starts from $10,000 at 5% interest rate, if you are blacklisted you are free to apply.
WhatsApp or Call:+27790890411
This message contains confidential information and is intended only for the individual named herein. Any attachment transmitted with this email is confidential and intended solely for the use of the individual or entity to whom this email is addressed. If you are not the named addressee you should not disseminate, distribute or copy this e-mail. Please notify the sender immediately by e-mail if you have received this e-mail by mistake and delete this e-mail from your system or please notify the system manager. If you are not the intended recipient you are hereby notified that disclosing, copying, distributing or taking any action in reliance on the contents of this information is strictly prohibited and in the event of any unauthorized disclosure, copying and/or distribution of the contents the generating entity and/or the sender reserves the right to take any action against such unauthorized use in law, equity or otherwise.
The recipient should check this email and any attachments for the presence of viruses. The sender accepts no liability for any damage caused by any virus transmitted by this email, delays, data corruption, unauthorized access or unauthorized amendments.