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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Sandra Leon" <>
Date: Tue, 2 Aug 2022 21:12:55 +0200
Subject: Good Day My Friend

Attention Friend,

I'm writing to inform you that Ministry of Finance Benin approve and
instructed me to deposit your unclaimed fund
worth of $5.5 million US Dollars with WESTERN UNION MONEY TRANSFER cash
payment, your file number is # KGU/8020202590,
at the owner of this email address only. all the arrangement has been
concluded that you will receive your fund through
western union money transfer and the amount you will be receiving is
$5,000.00 us dollars twice daily till
you receive the total fund completely and the only fees you are require to
pay is their transfer fee of
$125 us dollars only.

Contact Western Union Office with the information below;
Location Address; Plot 1261, Adeola Hopewell Street CO/B/REP,
Contact Person: Mr. Peter Cruz.
Telephone Number/ Whats APP: +229 66509937
Email Address: (

They will get your file renew before sending the MTCN NUMBER of your each
payment to you to ensure willingness to
receive your fund. Western union money transfer Manager Mr.Peter Cruz will
be sending the MTCN daily to you
until you receive the $5.5 million us dollars and Remember you have to pay
the required western union
transfer fees of $125 us dollars in every each payment you received until
you withdraw
the payment completed.

Now fill the information bellow and forward it to Mr. Peter Cruz email
address ( and he
will direct you where to send their transfer fees of $125 us dollars, so
make sure that your file the
information below correctly.

Fill below info for the renewing of your file.
(1) FULL NAME .................
(2) ADDRESS ....................
(3) COUNTRY ...................
(4) PRIVATE TEL ................
(5) PRIVATE FAX ...............
(6) YOUR FILE NO.... KGU/8020182590
(8) YOUR OCCUPATION................

Mrs Sandra Leon.

Anti-fraud resources: