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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "" (may be fake)
Date: Sun, 10 Jul 2022 05:17:21 +0100
Subject: Your reply 2



I am Mukoro Victor a director with the Dept of National Petroleum Corperation

I have a projected over-invoiced fund claims opportunity of $20.5M for re-investment with your supervision.

I need your assistance and co-operation to repatriate this funds via any foreign account as a contract fund claims payment with the NPC
for onward remittance to your designated bank account in your country.

Kind Regards,

Mr. Mukoro Victor
Finance and Account Dept
National Petroleum Corperation

Anti-fraud resources: