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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "James Coleman" <>
Date: Sun, 10 Jul 2022 04:59:35 -0700

Dear Sir:

I need a trusted Business person to Handle this opportunity

Our company is interested in buying Medicinal herbal raw materials in large quantities.

Can you supply this product from your country?

Concentrated herbal raw materials are used for production of Medicines for the treatment of HIV AIDS and Hepatitis B.
I recently found it to be much cheaper than what our company is currently buying from the old Supplier.

If you are ready to cooperate with me in this business I will give you the contact of the herbs Farmer so that you can bridge the
gap between the Farmer and the end user pharmaceutical company to supply the product directly with your company as a contractor or supplier to earn legitimate profit.

As a staff of my company, I can not become a supplier to my employers that pays my salary.
Hope you understand my position.

I will send a formal proposal if you indicate interest in my offer.

James Coleman.

Anti-fraud resources: