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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Adela Martinez Cespedes <>
Date: Sun, 10 Jul 2022 07:27:38 +0800


I am writing to you from Spain.I have some money deposited in a bank here
in Spain that I want to transfer overseas for investment purposes and I am
looking for a partner and trustee to provide an overseas bank account to
transfer the money.

The total amount is 6 million EUR and I inherited the money from my late
husband. If you are interested, please let me know and I will give you the
full details.
Thank You,

Mrs. Adela M. Cespedes

Anti-fraud resources: