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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Office File"<>
Date: Sat, 09 Jul 2022 06:56:18 -0700

We are pleased to announce to you the release of the total sum of One
Million Five Hundred Thousand Euros (€1,500,000.00) only) during the
electronic E-mail online GERMANY LOTTERY PROGRAM for the year of 2022.

You are advised to contact the claims department immediately to redeem
your prize. The claim agent will attend to your claim upon the receipt
of your response.


Congratulations once again from all members of our staff and thank you
for being part of our annual promotion program.

Bern Hard

Anti-fraud resources: